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Justice Canada releases commission report on impact of lack of legal aid in family law disputes
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Stephen King set to testify for govt in books merger trial (US)
New law program in Quebec to begin next fall, a first in 50 years
The Impact of the Lack of Legal Aid in Family Law Cases
SCC rules that when someone is required by their partner to wear a condom but do not, they could be guilty of sexual assault.
Big Plastic suing feds over single-use ban — again
Tim Hortons offers coffee and doughnut as proposed settlement in class action lawsuit
The SCC has refused to hear the appeal to declare the renewal of the state of health emergency by the Quebec government invalid
Federal privacy commissioner investigating controversial ArriveCAN app
Kraken, a U.S. Crypto Exchange, Is Suspected of Violating Sanctions (US)
Ontario court certifies class action on former patients’ anxiety from notice of risk of infection
The stakes couldn’t be higher as Canada’s top court decides whether to hear climate class action lawsuit
Professor Barnali Choudhury selected by EU as trade and sustainable development expert
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AFN Reaches $20 B Final Settlement Agreement to Compensate First Nations Children and Families

Legal, Privacy & Policy

Our not-for-profit organization is “Law in the News” with affiliates known as “Law in the News Media” and “LITN Canada”

Law in the News (LITN) aggregates legal news and resources from a Canadian perspective, using a broad array of international media and public legal education sources.

Our goal is to inform and educate Canadians about how the law impacts their communities while offering unique insights, perspectives and legal resources.


Doug Taylor is the founder and owner of LITN, Doug also operates, administers and maintains this website. The resources and content curated on this site are selected at his discretion.


We encourage you to contact us for privacy-specific questions, complaints or concerns regarding LITN’s Privacy Policy or any Personal Information you provided.
Please reach out to us directly if you would like to:
✓ access any Personal Information that you already provided
✓ correct or update any Personal Information
✓ request LITN to delete your Personal Information
✓ report any violation of LITN’s Privacy Policies


Phone: + 289 979 9232
948 Sandcliff Dr. Oshawa, ON L1K 2E4

LAW IN THE NEWS (LITN) Legal, Privacy & Policies

Information made available on the Website in any form is for informational purposes only. It is not, and should not be taken as legal advice. You should not rely on, or take or fail to take any action, based upon this information. Never disregard professional legal advice or delay in seeking legal advice because of something you have read on this Website.

Prior results, articles, and case studies or other materials available on the Website do not guarantee a similar outcome in future representation.

⚠ Contact a Paralegal or Lawyerbullet to discuss potential resolutions to specific legal concerns you may have.

Users should always seek appropriate legal advice from a suitably qualified paralegal or lawyer before taking, or refraining from taking, any action. The contents of this website should not be construed as legal or other professional advice and LITN disclaims liability for any loss, howsoever caused, arising directly or indirectly from reliance on the information on this website.

The presentation of information on the Website, or your use of or reliance upon such information, does not establish a paralegal/lawyer-client relationship between you and LITN or between you and any LITN affiliate.

Please also note that any information sent or received over the internet may not be secure. LITN cannot guarantee the security or privacy of any communication (in any form) through the Website.

This Terms of Use Agreement (“Agreement”) is a legal agreement between you, and Law in the News. We are an autonomous and independent entity. Law in the News Media promotes, facilitates and co-ordinates the activities of its members but does not itself provide services to clients.

References on this website to “LITN”, “Law in the News” (together the “Law in the News Media entities” and each a (“Law in the News”) or (as the context requires) the LITN entities collectively.

This Terms Of Use Agreement (“Agreement”) states the terms and conditions under which you may access and use any website which LITN chooses to link to this Agreement (each a “Website”). By accessing and using a Website, you are indicating your acceptance of, and agreement to be legally bound by, this Agreement.

⚠ If you do not accept this Agreement, you must not access or use the Website.

LITN may revise this Agreement at any time by updating this posting. Use of a Website after such changes are posted will signify your acceptance of these revised terms. You should visit this page periodically to review this Agreement. We will indicate at the top of this page the date this Agreement was last revised.

The Terms & conditions were last updated on June 19, 2022

1. Introduction

These Terms and conditions apply to this website and to the transactions related to our products and services. You may be bound by additional contracts related to your relationship with us or any products or services that you receive from us. If any provisions of the additional contracts conflict with any provisions of these Terms, the provisions of these additional contracts will control and prevail.

2. Binding

By registering with, accessing, or otherwise using this website, you hereby agree to be bound by these Terms and conditions set forth below. The mere use of this website implies the knowledge and acceptance of these Terms and conditions. In some particular cases, we can also ask you to explicitly agree.

3. Electronic communication

By using this website or communicating with us by electronic means, you agree and acknowledge that we may communicate with you electronically on our website or by sending an email to you, and you agree that all agreements, notices, disclosures, and other communications that we provide to you electronically satisfy any legal requirement, including but not limited to the requirement that such communications should be in writing.

4. Intellectual property

We or our licensors own and control all of the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the website and the data, information, and other resources displayed by or accessible within the website.

4.1 Creative Commons

The content on this website is available under a Creative commons – Attribution License, unless specified otherwise.

5. Newsletter

Notwithstanding the foregoing, you may forward our newsletter in the electronic form to others who may be interested in visiting our website.

6. Third-party property

Our website may include hyperlinks or other references to other party’s websites. We do not monitor or review the content of other party’s websites which are linked to from this website. Products or services offered by other websites shall be subject to the applicable Terms and Conditions of those third parties. Opinions expressed or material appearing on those websites are not necessarily shared or endorsed by us.

We will not be responsible for any privacy practices or content of these sites. You bear all risks associated with the use of these websites and any related third-party services. We will not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage in whatever manner, however caused, resulting from your disclosure to third parties of personal information.

7. Responsible use

By visiting our website, you agree to use it only for the purposes intended and as permitted by these Terms, any additional contracts with us, and applicable laws, regulations, and generally accepted online practices and industry guidelines.

You must not use our website or services to use, publish or distribute any material which consists of (or is linked to) malicious computer software; use data collected from our website for any direct marketing activity, or conduct any systematic or automated data collection activities on or in relation to our website.

Engaging in any activity that causes, or may cause, damage to the website or that interferes with the performance, availability, or accessibility of the website is strictly prohibited.

8. Registration

You may register for an account with our website. During this process, you may be required to choose a password. You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of passwords and account information and agree not to share your passwords, account information, or secured access to our website or services with any other person.

You must not allow any other person to use your account to access the website because you are responsible for all activities that occur through the use of your passwords or accounts.

You must notify us immediately if you become aware of any disclosure of your password.

After account termination, you will not attempt to register a new account without our permission.

9. Content posted by you

We may provide various open communication tools on our website, such as blog comments, blog posts, forums, message boards, ratings and reviews, and various social media services.

It might not be feasible for us to screen or monitor all content that you or others may share or submit on or through our website. However, we reserve the right to review the content and to monitor all use of and activity on our website, and remove or reject any content in our sole discretion.

By posting information or otherwise using any open communication tools as mentioned, you agree that your content will comply with these Terms and Conditions and must not be illegal or unlawful or infringe any person’s legal rights.

10. Idea submission

Do not submit any ideas, inventions, works of authorship, or other information that can be considered your own intellectual property that you would like to present to us unless we have first signed an agreement regarding the intellectual property or a non-disclosure agreement.

If you disclose it to us absent such written agreement, you grant to us a worldwide, irrevocable, non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use, reproduce, store, adapt, publish, translate and distribute your content in any existing or future media.

11. Termination of use

We may, in our sole discretion, at any time modify or discontinue access to, temporarily or permanently, the website or any Service thereon. You agree that we will not be liable to you or any third party for any such modification, suspension or discontinuance of your access to, or use of, the website or any content that you may have shared on the website.

You will not be entitled to any compensation or other payment, even if certain features, settings, and/or any Content you have contributed or have come to rely on, are permanently lost. You must not circumvent or bypass, or attempt to circumvent or bypass, any access restriction measures on our website.

12. Warranties and liability

Nothing in this section will limit or exclude any warranty implied by law that it would be unlawful to limit or to exclude. This website and all content on the website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis and may include inaccuracies or typographical errors. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, as to the availability, accuracy, or completeness of the Content.

We make no warranty that: 
  • this website or our products or services will meet your requirements;

  • this website will be available on an uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error-free basis;

  • the quality of any product or service purchased or obtained by you through this website will meet your expectations.

Nothing on this website constitutes or is meant to constitute, legal, financial or medical advice of any kind. If you require advice you should consult an appropriate professional.

⚠ Contact a Paralegal or Lawyerbullet to discuss potential resolutions to specific legal concerns you may have.

The following provisions of this section will apply to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law and will not limit or exclude our liability in respect of any matter which it would be unlawful or illegal for us to limit or to exclude our liability. In no event will we be liable for any direct or indirect damages (including any damages for loss of profits or revenue, loss or corruption of data, software or database, or loss of or harm to property or data) incurred by you or any third party, arising from your access to, or use of, our website.

Except to the extent any additional contract expressly states otherwise, our maximum liability to you for all damages arising out of or related to the website or any products and services marketed or sold through the website, regardless of the form of legal action that imposes liability (whether in contract, equity, negligence, intended conduct, tort or otherwise) will be limited to the total price that you paid to us to purchase such products or services or use the website. Such limit will apply in the aggregate to all of your claims, actions and causes of action of every kind and nature.

13. Privacy

To access our website and/or services, you may be required to provide certain information about yourself as part of the registration process. You agree that any information you provide will always be accurate, correct, and up to date.

We take your personal data seriously and are committed to protecting your privacy. We will not use your email address for unsolicited mail. Any emails sent by us to you will only be in connection with the provision of agreed products or services.

We have developed a policy to address any privacy concerns you may have. For more information, please see our 

14. Accessibility

We are committed to making the content we provide accessible to individuals with disabilities. If you have a disability and are unable to access any portion of our website due to your disability, we ask you to give us a notice including a detailed description of the issue you encountered. If the issue is readily identifiable and resolvable in accordance with industry-standard information technology tools and techniques we will promptly resolve it.

15. Export restrictions / Legal compliance

Access to the website from territories or countries where the Content or purchase of the products or Services sold on the website is illegal is prohibited. You may not use this website in violation of export laws and regulations of Canada.

16. Affiliate marketing

Through this Website we may engage in affiliate marketing whereby we receive a percentage of or a commission on the sale of services or products on or through this website. We may also accept sponsorships or other forms of advertising compensation from businesses. This disclosure is intended to comply with legal requirements on marketing and advertising which may apply, such as the US Federal Trade Commission Rules.

17. Assignment

You may not assign, transfer or sub-contract any of your rights and/or obligations under these Terms and conditions, in whole or in part, to any third party without our prior written consent. Any purported assignment in violation of this Section will be null and void.

18. Breaches of these Terms and conditions

Without prejudice to our other rights under these Terms and Conditions, if you breach these Terms and Conditions in any way, we may take such action as we deem appropriate to deal with the breach, including temporarily or permanently suspending your access to the website, contacting your internet service provider to request that they block your access to the website, and/or commence legal action against you.

19. Force majeure

Except for obligations to pay money hereunder, no delay, failure or omission by either party to carry out or observe any of its obligations hereunder will be deemed to be a breach of these Terms and conditions if and for as long as such delay, failure or omission arises from any cause beyond the reasonable control of that party.

20. Indemnification

You agree to indemnify, defend and hold us harmless, from and against any and all claims, liabilities, damages, losses and expenses, relating to your violation of these Terms and conditions, and applicable laws, including intellectual property rights and privacy rights. You will promptly reimburse us for our damages, losses, costs and expenses relating to or arising out of such claims.

21. Waiver

Failure to enforce any of the provisions set out in these Terms and Conditions and any Agreement, or failure to exercise any option to terminate, shall not be construed as waiver of such provisions and shall not affect the validity of these Terms and Conditions or of any Agreement or any part thereof, or the right thereafter to enforce each and every provision.

22. Language

These Terms and Conditions will be interpreted and construed exclusively in English. All notices and correspondence will be written exclusively in that language.

23. Entire agreement

These Terms and Conditions, together with our

Privacy Statementbullet and Cookie Policybullet, constitute the entire agreement between you and Law in the News Media in relation to your use of this website.

24. Updating of these Terms and conditions

We may update these Terms and Conditions from time to time. It is your obligation to periodically check these Terms and Conditions for changes or updates. The date provided at the beginning of these Terms and Conditions is the latest revision date. 

Changes to these Terms and Conditions will become effective upon such changes being posted to this website. Your continued use of this website following the posting of changes or updates will be considered notice of your acceptance to abide by and be bound by these Terms and Conditions.

25. Choice of Law and Jurisdiction

These Terms and Conditions shall be governed by the laws of Canada. Any disputes relating to these Terms and Conditions shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the courts of Canada. 

If any part or provision of these Terms and Conditions is found by a court or other authority to be invalid and/or unenforceable under applicable law, such part or provision will be modified, deleted and/or enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of these Terms and Conditions. The other provisions will not be affected.

26. Contact information

This website is owned and operated by Law in the News Media.

You may contact us regarding these Terms and Conditions by 


All materials displayed or otherwise accessible through the Website, including but not limited to text, graphics, videos, photos, trademarks, logos and other materials (collectively, “Content”) are protected by copyright and trade-mark laws, and are owned by a LITN, or the party accredited as the provider of the Content.

Except as granted in the limited licence herein, any use of the Content, including modification, transmission, presentation, distribution, republication, or other exploitation of the Website or of any Content, whether in whole or in part, is prohibited without the express prior written consent of the applicable content owner.

Your use of the Website and/or any Content does not grant or transfer to you any ownership or other rights in the Website and/or any Content, and except as expressly provided, nothing herein or within the Website and/or any Content shall be construed as conferring on you or any other person or entity any license under any LITN or any third party intellectual property or other rights. Any rights not expressly granted to you in this Agreement are expressly reserved.

Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, you are hereby granted a limited, fully revocable, non-transferable and non-exclusive licence to access, view and use the Website for your personal, non-commercial use, and are granted the right to download, store and print single copies of items comprising the Content for your personal, non-commercial use, provided that you maintain all copyright, trade-mark and other notices contained in such Content.

This limited license does not include any rights not specifically enumerated herein. Your limited license to use the Website and the Content is automatically revoked upon termination or expiration of this Agreement (whichever occurs first). You agree that you will not use the Website or any Content for any purpose that is unlawful.

The Website may contain links to third-party websites. These links are provided solely as a convenience to you and not as an endorsement by LITN of the contents of such third-party websites.

LITN is not responsible for the content of any third-party website, nor does it make any representation or warranty of any kind regarding any third-party website including, without limitation:

  • the quality of any product or service purchased or obtained by you through this website will meet your expectations.
  • any representation or warranty regarding the legality, accuracy, reliability, completeness, timeliness, security, suitability of any content on any third-party website;
  • any representation or warranty regarding the merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose of any material, content, software, goods, or services located at or made available through such third-party websites; and
  • any representation or warranty that the operation of the third-party website will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects or errors in such third-party websites will be corrected, or that such third-party websites will be free from viruses or other harmful components.

You also understand and agree that the LITN Privacy Policybullet is applicable to LITN and while you are using the Website and is not applicable to your use of third-party websites. Once you are linked to another website, you should read the privacy policy of that website before disclosing any Personal Information (as defined in the Privacy Policybullet).

Subject to applicable law, in no event shall LITN, or any of its partners, employees, consultants, representatives, officers, directors, agents, or licensors (“LITN Released Parties“) be liable for damages of any kind including, without limitation, any direct, special, indirect, punitive, incidental or consequential damages or any loss or damages in the nature of or relating to lost business, lost savings, lost data and/or lost profits, arising from your use of, reliance upon, or inability to use the Website and/or the Content, regardless of the cause and whether arising in contract (including fundamental breach), tort (including negligence), or otherwise.
The prior limitation shall apply even if LITN knew of or ought to have known of the possibility of such damages.

Subject to applicable law, the Website and the Content is provided “as is” and “as available”, without warranty or condition of any kind, either express or implied. LITN expressly disclaims all warranties and conditions, including any implied warranties of merchantability, satisfactory quality, fitness for a particular purpose, title, quiet enjoyment, accuracy, completeness, or non-infringement in respect to the Website and the Content, to the fullest extent permissible under applicable law.

Without limiting the generality of the prior information, while LITN endeavors to provide Content that is correct, accurate and timely, no representations or warranties are made regarding the Website and/or the Content including, without limitation, no representation or warranty that:

  • the Website or the Content will be compatible with your computer, mobile or other device and/or software;
  • the Website or the Content will be accurate, reliable, complete, current, timely or suitable for any particular purpose,
  • that the operation of the Website will be uninterrupted or error-free,
  • that defects or errors in the Website or the Content will be corrected,
  • that the Website or the Content will be free from viruses, Trojan horses, malware, worms or other harmful components, and
  • that communications to or from the Website will be secure and/or not intercepted.

You acknowledge and agree that you are using the Website and the Content, if applicable, at your own risk and liability.

To the fullest extent permissible under applicable law, you hereby agree to release each of the LITN Released Parties from, and in no event shall any or all of the LITN Released Parties be liable to you or any other person or entity, for any and all liabilities and damages (including any direct, indirect, special, exemplary or consequential damages, including lost profits) whatsoever or arising from your use of the Website (including any breach by you), the Content or otherwise relating to this Agreement.

You also agree that your sole remedy for any claim, loss, damage, costs or expenses is to cease using the Website and the Content. You will indemnify and hold each of the LITN Released Parties harmless from and against any claims, losses, judgments, damages, costs and expenses (including without limitation, reasonable legal fees) incurred by any of them due to or resulting from your use of the Website, the Content or otherwise relating to this Agreement (including any breach by you).

You will also indemnify and hold the LITN Released Parties harmless from and against any claims brought by third parties arising out of your use of Content from this Website. You agree that the applicable LITN Released Party(ies) may assume the defense and control of any matter for which you are required to indemnify the LITN Released Parties and you agree to cooperate, at your cost, with our defense of these claims. You agree not to settle any matter without the prior written consent of the applicable LITN Released Party(ies).

LITN treats personal information that you submit through this Website in accordance with its Privacy Policy. Please read and review the LITN Privacy Policybullet, which describes the privacy policies and practices of LITN in detail, as such policy may be amended from time to time by LITN.

LITN advises you to check the Privacy Policybullet on a frequent basis for changes. By using a Website or providing us with personal information, you consent to the use of your Personal Information by LITN in accordance with the terms and for the purposes set forth in the Privacy Policybullet.

The transmission of data or information over the internet or other forms of networks may not be secure, and is subject to possible loss, interception or alteration while in transit. LITN cannot guarantee security of any communication to or from the Website. LITN does not assume any liability for any damage you may experience or costs you may incur as a result of any electronic transmissions over the internet, other forms of networks or otherwise while using the Website.

Unless we have confirmed in writing that we represent or act for you, in no event will any information you provide on or through the Website be deemed to be confidential, create any fiduciary obligations to you on our part, or result in any liability to you on our part.

Unsolicited emails from non-clients do not establish a paralegal/lawyer-client relationship, and may not be privileged, and may be disclosed in accordance with our Privacy Policybullet. You should take reasonable and appropriate precautions to ensure compatibility of any website you visit with your specific computer, mobile or other device. LITN does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the internet.

Any passwords and user ID’s used for a Website are for individual business use only. You will be responsible for the security of your password and user ID (if any). LITN will be entitled to monitor your password and user ID and, at its discretion, require you to change it. If you use a password that LITN considers insecure, LITN will be entitled to require the password to be changed and/or terminate your account.

You further agree not to disclose your password or user ID to any other person and LITN will not be responsible for the unauthorized use of your profile by any other person and are under no obligation to confirm the actual identity of any password or user ID.

You agree to notify LITN immediately upon becoming aware of any known or suspected unauthorized use(s) of the your password or user ID to gain access to your profile, or any breach of security, or if at any time your password or user ID is, or you believe it has been, lost, stolen, disclosed, or otherwise compromised, via e-mail to bullet LITN cannot and will not be liable for any loss or damage arising from your failure to comply with these provisions.

LITN and the LITN logo are trade-marks of Law in the News Media. Other names, words, titles, phrases, logos, designs, graphics, icons and trademarks displayed on the Website may constitute registered or unregistered trade-marks of LITN or third parties.

Our trade-marks may be unregistered or registered in Canada, the United Kingdom, and in other countries as applicable. Any use of such trade-marks, except as expressly provided for herein, without the express written consent of the applicable owner is strictly prohibited. Nothing contained herein or on the Website (including, without limitation, the Content) may be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license to use any trade-mark(s).

You agree that you will not take any actions inconsistent with LITN ownership of, or any third party’s ownership of, the trade-marks. While certain trade-marks of third parties may be used by LITN under licence, the display of third party trade-marks on the Website should not be taken to imply any relationship or licence between LITN and the owner of that trade-mark or to imply that LITN endorses the wares, services or business of the owner of the listed trade-mark.

If you are a copyright or trade-mark owner, authorized to act on behalf of one, or authorized to act under any exclusive right under copyright or trade-mark, you agree to promptly report any alleged copyright or trade-mark infringements taking place on or through the Website by providing a written notice with the following information:

  • Identification of the copyrighted work or trade-mark that you claim has been infringed;
  • Identification of the allegedly infringing content, and information reasonably sufficient to permit LITN to locate it;
  • A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the use of the content identified in your notice in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright/trade-mark owner, its agent, or the applicable law;
  • A statement by you that you attest that the information in your notice is accurate and that you are the copyright/trade-mark owner or otherwise authorized to act on the owner’s behalf; and
  • Your physical or electronic signature, together with your contact information (address, telephone number and, if available, email address).

Deliver the notice to us at the following email address: bullet

Subject to applicable law, by accessing or using a Website, from Canada, or by accessing or using a Website that is identified as a LITN (Canada) Website, you agree that all matters relating to your access to, or use of, such Website and its Content shall be governed by the laws of the Province of Ontario and the federal laws of Canada, without regard to conflict of laws principles, and you agree and hereby submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Province of Ontario with respect to all matters relating to your access to and use of such Website.

Subject to applicable law, by accessing or using a Website from the United Kingdom, or by accessing or using a Website that is identified as a LITN (UK) Website, you agree that all matters relating to your access to, or use of, such Website and its Content shall be governed by English law, without regard to conflict of laws principles.

LITN may, in its sole discretion, cancel or terminate your right to use any or all Websites, or any part of any Website, or any Content, at any time without notice.

In the event of termination, you are no longer authorized to access the applicable Website, the part of the Website, or Content affected by such cancellation or termination. The restrictions imposed on you with respect to both Content and the Website set out in this Agreement shall survive. LITN shall not be liable to any party for such termination.

For English law purposes, the LITN Released Parties shall have the benefit of the indemnities given by you in this Agreement pursuant to the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999.

For the purposes of Canadian law, the LITN Released Parties shall be recognized as third party beneficiaries in respect of the benefit of the indemnities given by you in this Agreement.

Except for any agreement in respect of Content, this is the entire agreement between you and LITN relating to your access and use of the Websites and the Content.

If any term or provision of this Agreement is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, it shall be severed and the remaining provisions shall remain in full force without being invalidated in any way.

You may not assign, convey, subcontract or delegate your rights, duties or obligations. A LITN entity will not be considered to have waived any of its rights or remedies described in this Agreement unless the waiver is in writing and signed by the applicable LITN entity.

No delay or omission by LITN in exercising its rights or remedies will impair or be construed as a waiver. Any single or partial exercise of a right or remedy will not preclude further exercise of any other right or remedy.

The failure of LITN to enforce the strict performance of any provision of this Agreement will not constitute a waiver of the right of LITN to subsequently enforce such provision or any other provisions of this Agreement.

The headings used in this Agreement are included for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.

We at LITN offer legal news in a variety of countries around the world. As a paralegal, I am strongly committed to respecting your rights and obeying the law – explaining your privacy and data protection rights is important to me.

In this statement, we explain generally how LITN protects your personal information. A statement like this is only an overview of your rights and our commitments. You will find more detail in the linked pages about privacy rights in the information that follows.

LITN policy on the collection, use and disclosure of personal information (“Privacy policy”)

LITN (Canada) (“Law in the News Media (LITN)“, “we“, “us” and “our“) is an independent entity. This is the Privacy Policy of LITN Canada, which describes how it processes Personal Information. Other LITN entities are present in different countries and have separate privacy policies that explain their practices.
Consistent with our obligations as professionals, we are dedicated to maintaining high standards of confidentiality and security. LITN Canada follows certain privacy principles to help ensure the confidentiality of the Personal Information we hold.

This Privacy Policy informs you of how we collect, use and disclose Personal Information.

The Privacy Statement above is about the rights of individuals. While we are also committed to protecting information about companies and other businesses we act for, this policy is not about them.

We may also get personal information about individuals when acting on behalf of businesses. 

  • We are accountable for the information you give us.
  • We will tell you why we need information when we ask for it.
  • We will use your personal information only for that purpose, or as the law requires.
  • We do not sell your information.
  • We keep your information safe. We take security seriously.

We may also need to share your data with the courts or the government, if the law requires.

If you want to know what personal data we have about you, please ask us  – we will tell you unless the law prevents us doing so.

If you ask us for marketing material or attend an event, we will keep your contact information in a database so that we can contact you in the future. If you don’t want this, please tell us bullet and we will remove your name.

We will answer any questions you may have about our privacy. You can contact us here:
  • In this Privacy Policy, “Personal Information” means any information provided to or collected by LITN about an identifiable individual, or an individual whose identity may be inferred or determined from the information.

    This Privacy Policy applies regardless of how Personal Information is recorded (for example, electronically, or on paper). This Privacy Policy does not cover any information about more than one individual where the identity of the individuals is not known and cannot be inferred from the information (“Aggregated Information”).

    LITN Canada retains the right to use Aggregated Information in any way that it reasonably determines is appropriate. This Privacy Policy also does not apply to information about companies or other legal entities.

LITN takes the protection of Personal Information seriously. My obligations as a legal professional are governed, in part, by rules of professional conduct which impose duties and obligations regarding the confidentiality of the information provided to LITN Canada.

We require all professionals, staff, other employees, contractors and agents who provide services in connection with our delivery of legal news and other services to comply with these obligations.

We may collect Personal Information: 
  • for the purpose of determining whether LITN Canada will enter into a professional relationship;
  • in the course of a professional relationship, or
  • when we otherwise collect Personal Information, for example, when you provide us with information about yourself, or someone else associated with you.

We hold this information in strict confidence and do not reveal it to anyone unless expressly or implicitly authorized by the person or organization concerned or where permitted or required by applicable law.

In the course of our relationship with you, LITN Canada will need to collect, use, and sometimes disclose different types of Personal Information for various purposes associated with the services we provide as directed by you or your organization.

Given the nature of our services, it is impractical to list all of types of Personal Information that may be collected, used or disclosed. However, the Personal Information we collect may include:

  • your full name;
  • contact information, such as your address, telephone number, e-mail address, or job titles;
  • information to help establish your identity;
  • information regarding your interests;
  • whether you have subscribed to, or unsubscribed from, any our mailing lists, or accepted any of our invitations;
  • information regarding your organization or other organizations, including information regarding directors, officers, or employees of our clients or other parties, witnesses, beneficiaries, adverse parties, related parties, parties in interest, business partners, investors, shareholders, security holders, buyers, sellers, business partners, and customers of clients;
  • Information regarding your preferences, for example, if you attend one of our events and we collect data relating to your dietary needs;
  • your payment information; and
  • any other Personal Information that you voluntarily choose to provide to us.

In some cases, we collect Personal Information from third parties such as clients to whom we provide services, regulatory and legal authorities, other organizations with whom we or you have dealings, such as government agencies, credit reporting agencies, recruitment agencies, information or service providers, and from publicly available records.

We may also collect information from public sources in the context of an investigation or proceedings related to services being provided to one of our members.

We collect information about visitors who comment on Sites that use our Akismet Securitybullet anti-spam service and Defender Securitybullet, among others. The information we collect depends on how the User sets up Akismetbullet and Defender Securitybullet for the Site, but typically includes the commenter’s IP address, user agent, referrer, and Site URL (along with other information directly provided by the commenter such as their name, username, email address, and the comment itself).

LITN Canada uses and discloses Personal Information for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. Under no circumstances will LITN Canada sell any Personal Information it has obtained.

LITN Canada may use and disclose Personal Information for the following purposes:

We may collect Personal Information: 
  • Establishing your identity and compliance with “Know Your Client” and anti-money laundering requirements and other legal obligations. This may require you to provide name, address, employment/business information, and/or other legally mandated forms of identification;
  • Billing: which will include the collection, use and disclosure of names, addresses, banking, financial details and/or payment information;
  • Provision and development of services/products, which will include any Personal Information necessary to provide the services requested by you or your organization;
  • Analytics: we may also use and analyze the Personal Information provided to us to offer you additional services or products, as well as to track and manage your consent preferences, event reservations and any unsubscribe requests. You may, at any time, advise LITN Canada that you do not wish to receive such information from us;
  • Internal record keeping and to analyze and help us manage the provision of our services;
  • Answering your questions, and/or providing you with information or materials you have asked to receive;
  • To conduct market research;
  • Marketing our own services and products to you by email or other means if you have subscribed to one our mailing lists;
  • To keep your information and preferences accurate. For example, from time to time, we may ask you (by email or otherwise) to review your contact details and mailing list preferences and update them as necessary;
  • To meet our high quality and professional standards, and to obtain and maintain certification and accreditations which may involve audits of our internal processes;
  • To ensure regulatory compliance – for example to erect information barriers to restrict access to certain information;
  • To permit us or our members to pursue available remedies or limit any damages that we or our members may sustain;
  • To detect help prevent fraud or other illegal activities;
  • To help ensure security and for crime prevention;
  • Any purpose which is permitted or required by applicable law; and
  • To carry out any other purpose which is disclosed to you and to which you consent.

The marketing email messages sent by LITN Canada will give you the opportunity to update your contact details and mailing list preferences or unsubscribe from our mailing lists altogether. If you no longer wish to receive marketing emails from LITN Canada, please follow the unsubscribe link in one of our marketing email messages.

You may also contact us using the contact information below, and ask us to update your preferences or unsubscribe from any marketing lists. 

LITN Canada may share Personal Information with other LITN group entities  for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. You can learn more about other LITN entities by visiting: Legal, Privacy and Policybullet.

LITN Canada allows certain authorized third party providers to track and store certain information about visitors to our websites (including domain names, IP addresses and page views as described below).

LITN Canada may also disclose Personal Information to organizations that perform services for us. Personal Information will only be provided to such organizations if they agree by way of contract to provide appropriate protection for such information.

Personal Information may also be subject to transfer to another organization in the event of corporate transaction such as a merger, or change of ownership. This will occur only if the parties have entered into an agreement under which the collection, use and disclosure of the information is restricted to those purposes that relate to the business transaction, including determining whether or not to proceed with the business transaction, and is used by the parties to carry out and complete the business transaction.

Lastly, we may disclose your Personal Information for any other purpose to which you consent.

LITN Canada may collect Personal Information in many forms (for example, hard/soft copy, electronically, facsimile, telephone conversations/recordings, email, etc.), but will only do so by lawful means and only for necessary purposes that have been disclosed to you, are described in this Privacy Policy, or are permitted or required by applicable law.

Personal Information collected in any form will only be retained by LITN Canada so long as it is required:

We have developed a policy to address any privacy concerns you may have. For more information, please see our 
  • for the purpose for which it was collected and those purposes set out in this Privacy Policy;
  • to be retained by law; or c) to address any issues that may arise at a later date.

When Personal Information is no longer required for these identified purposes, LITN Canada uses secure procedures to destroy, delete, erase or convert the Personal Information into an anonymous form.

In general, you can use our websites without giving us any Personal Information. If you are one of our anonymous visitors, please bear in mind that we may still record certain analytical information and as further set out in this section.

LITN Canada may use cookies, web beacons/pixel tags, log files and other technologies to collect certain information about visitors to our websites, and recipients of our newsletters, invitations and other communications. Find out more about the LITN “Cookies” policybullet.

When you visit our websites, we may collect information about your visit including your IP address, your geographic region (as determined from IP address), clickstream through our website, the date and time or your visit, information about your device and network such as the browser you use and its configuration, your connection speed, the pages you view or search for on our website, what links you click, what you download, our page response times, any download or other errors, the length of your visit, and whether the emails we send are opened.

We may use this information to improve the functionality of our website, to tailor or improve the content that we may send or show you, and for analytical purposes to understand how visitors interact with our website, messages and the information we provide.

Your provision of Personal Information to LITN Canada means that you agree and consent to our collection, use and disclosure of your Personal Information under this Privacy Policy. If you do not agree with these terms, do not provide any Personal Information to us. However, while providing some Personal Information is optional, certain services can only be offered if you provide Personal Information to us and we may not be able to offer you certain services if you choose not provide us with any required Personal Information.

Consent may be given in different ways such as:

We may collect Personal Information: 
  • expressly by signing a document, agreeing through electronic means or verbally; or
  • implicitly by providing the Personal Information voluntarily.

There may be circumstances where you have provided Personal Information for one purpose, and LITN Canada later needs to use that information for a different purpose. In such circumstances, LITN Canada will seek your consent to use the information for the new purpose unless the law permits or requires us to use the information for that new purpose.

Please note that there are circumstances where the collection, use and/or disclosure of Personal Information may be justified or permitted without consent, or where LITN Canada may or must disclose information without consent, in accordance with applicable law.

You have the right to revoke your consent to the collection, use and disclosure of your Personal Information at any time. However, revocation of your consent may prevent us from  providing services or products to you; in such circumstances, we will discuss with you the reason we need your Personal Information and why the revocation of your consent affects our ability to provide our services or products to you.

  • LITN Canada has taken steps to maintain physical, procedural and technical security for Personal Information.

    LITN Canada holds Personal Information principally in the cloud where off-site storage facilities may be located, and such information may be accessed by those individuals that need to know such information in order that LITN Canada may provide our services.

    Personal Information may be stored outside of the jurisdiction in which you live, if a third party provider or other entity to whom we disclose Personal Information in accordance with this Privacy Policy is located outside of that jurisdiction. In such cases, Personal Information may be subject to the local laws of the jurisdictions within which it is collected, used, disclosed and/or stored, and may be accessed by governmental and law enforcement authorities in those jurisdictions.

LITN Canada endeavours to ensure that any Personal Information provided and in its possession is as accurate, current and complete as necessary for the purposes for which we use that information.

The Right to Access
You have the right to access and receive a copy of your personal data, and other supplementary information. This is commonly referred to as a data subject access request or ‘DSAR’. Individuals can make DSARs verbally or in writing, including via social media. A third party can also make a DSAR on behalf of another person.

You have a right to request access to your Personal Information and to request a correction to it if you believe it is inaccurate. In the event that you believe that your Personal Information is not accurate or you wish access to your Personal Information, you may make a request using the contact information provided below.

You may contact us through 

The Right to Erasure
Under most privacy laws and under certain conditions, you have the right to have your personal data erased.

The Right to Data Portability
The right to data portability allows you to obtain and reuse your personal data for your own purposes across different services. It allows you to move, copy or transfer personal data easily from one IT environment to another in a safe and secure way, without affecting its usability. Doing this enables you to take advantage of applications and services that can use this data to find you a better deal or help you understand your spending habits. The right only applies to information an individual has provided to a controller.


We endeavor to provide timely access to your Personal Information. However, we may require you to verify your identity to our satisfaction prior to doing so. Further, there may be circumstances where access cannot be granted. For example, we will not grant access where doing so would lead to the disclosure of Personal Information of another individual and that individual refuses to provide consent to the disclosure, or where the information is subject to privilege or other legal restrictions. In such cases you will be notified of the reason why it is not possible to grant access to your Personal Information.

This Privacy Policy is in effect as of December 19 , 2021. LITN Canada will from time to time review and revise its privacy practices and this Privacy Policy. In the event of any amendment, an appropriate notice will be posted on our website.

Your continued access to and/or use of our website or provision of Personal Information to us after any such changes constitutes your acceptance of, and agreement to this Privacy Policy, as revised. Please periodically review this Privacy Policy so that you know what Personal Information we collect, how we use it, and with whom we may share it.

Like many other websites, we use cookies on our website for all sorts of useful things!

For those of you who are new to cookies of the non-edible kind – cookies are text files containing small amounts of information, which are downloaded to your computer or mobile device by websites that you visit. They can improve your experience of using a website, for example, by remembering your preference settings and tracking your use of a website so that it can be improved to meet your needs.

In certain jurisdictions, including the European Union, websites must get consent to send cookies to your computer or mobile device (by which we mean the kind of cookie described above – not the edible kind) unless the cookies are strictly necessary to provide services to you.

You can set your cookie preferences using your browser. Many browsers provide information regarding cookies through their ‘Help’ menu, and additional information may be found online.

Unless the cookie is a strictly necessary cookie, you can withdraw your consent to our cookies at any time even if you have previously consented. Although, please do remember that if you do not consent to our functionality cookies, parts of our websites will not work. For example, you may not be able to watch our videos. For this reason we may occasionally send you prompts which allow you to consent to a cookie you have previously rejected.

Some cookies are strictly necessary or another type of cookie e.g. “functionality” or “performance” cookies. Cookies can also be “persistent” or “session” cookie. The difference is that:

Persistent cookies remain on your device between browsing sessions. They are activated each time you visit the website that created that particular cookie. For example, where a “persistent cookie” is used on a website to remember your log-in details, you will not need to enter those details each time you visit that website.

Session cookies allow website operators to link the actions of a user during a browser session. A browser session starts when you open the browser window and finishes when you close the browser window. Session cookies are created temporarily. Once you close the browser, all session cookies are deleted.

This page was last changed on June 19, 2022, last checked on June 19, 2022 and applies to citizens and legal permanent residents of Canada.

1. Introduction

Our website, (hereinafter: “the website”) uses cookies and other related technologies (for convenience all technologies are referred to as “cookies”). Cookies are also placed by third parties we have engaged. In the document below we inform you about the use of cookies on our website.

2. What are cookies?

A cookie is a small simple file that is sent along with pages of this website and stored by your browser on the hard drive of your computer or another device. The information stored therein may be returned to our servers or to the servers of the relevant third parties during a subsequent visit.

3. What are scripts?

A script is a piece of program code that is used to make our website function properly and interactively. This code is executed on our server or on your device.

4. What is a web beacon?

A web beacon (or a pixel tag) is a small, invisible piece of text or image on a website that is used to monitor traffic on a website. In order to do this, various data about you is stored using web beacons.

5. Third parties

We have made agreements about the use of cookies with other companies that place cookies. However, we cannot guarantee that these third parties handle your personal data in a reliable or secure manner. Parties such as Google are to be considered as independent data controllers. We recommend that you read the privacy statements of these  companies.

6. Cookies
6.1 Technical or functional cookies

Some cookies ensure that certain parts of the website work properly and that your user preferences remain known. By placing functional cookies, we make it easier for you to visit our website. This way, you do not need to repeatedly enter the same information when visiting our website and, for example, the items remain in your shopping cart until you have paid.

6.2 Statistics cookies

We use statistics cookies to optimize the website experience for our users. With these statistics cookies we get insights in the usage of our website.

6.3 Advertising cookies

On this website we use advertising cookies, enabling us to personalize the advertisements for you, and we (and third parties) gain insights into the campaign results. This happens based on a profile we create based on your click and surfing on and outside With these cookies you, as website visitor are linked to a unique ID, so you do not see the same ad more than once for example.

You can object to the tracking by these cookies by clicking the “Manage Consent” button.

6.4 Marketing/Tracking cookies

Marketing/Tracking cookies are cookies or any other form of local storage, used to create user profiles to display advertising or to track the user on this website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.

6.5 Social media buttons

On our website we have included buttons for Twitter, LinkedIn and WhatsApp to promote webpages (e.g. “like”, “pin”) or share (e.g. “tweet”) on social networks like Twitter, LinkedIn and WhatsApp. These buttons work using pieces of code coming from Twitter, LinkedIn and WhatsApp themselves. This code places cookies. These social media buttons also can store and process certain information, so a personalized advertisement can be shown to you.

Please read the privacy statement of these social networks (which can change regularly) to read what they do with your (personal) data which they process using these cookies. The data that is retrieved is anonymized as much as possible. Twitter, LinkedIn and WhatsApp are located in the United States.

7. Placed cookies list:
8. Consent

When you visit our website for the first time, we will show you a pop-up with an explanation about cookies. You do have the right to opt-out and to object against the further use of non-functional cookies.

8.1 Manage your consent settings

You can also disable the use of cookies via your browser, but please note that our website may no longer work properly.

9. Your rights with respect to personal data
You have the following rights with respect to your personal data: 
  • you may submit a request for access to the data we process about you;
  • you may object to the processing;
  • you may request an overview, in a commonly used format, of the data we process about you;
  • you may request correction or deletion of the data if it is incorrect or not or no longer relevant. Where appropriate, the amended information shall be transmitted to third parties having access to the information in question.
  • you have the right to withdraw consent at any time, subject to legal or contractual restrictions and reasonable notice. You will be informed of the implications of such withdrawal.
To exercise these rights, please contact us:

Please refer to the contact details at the bottom of this Cookie Policy. If you have a complaint about how we handle your data, we would like to hear from you.

10. Enabling/disabling and deleting cookies

You can use your internet browser to automatically or manually delete cookies. You can also specify that certain cookies may not be placed. Another option is to change the settings of your internet browser so that you receive a message each time a cookie is placed.

For more information about these options, please refer to the instructions in the Help section of your browser. Or you can indicate your preferences on the following page: https://youradchoices.cabullet

11. Contact details

For questions and/or comments about our Cookie Policy and this statement, please contact us by using the following contact details:

Law in the News
948 Sandcliff Dr., Oshawa, ON, L1K2E4

This Cookie Policy was synchronized with cookiedatabase.orgbullet on June 19, 2022

This website uses cookies to make the website work properly and to provide the most relevant products and services to our members and site visitors.

We place cookies on your device in order to operate this site, enhance your user experience and improve our services. Some cookies are necessary for the site to work, while others help us manage and improve the site and the services we offer you.

If you are happy to opt-in to our use of cookies, just click “Accept all cookies”.

If you leave a comment on our site you may opt-in to saving your name, email address and website in cookies. These are for your convenience so that you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year.

If you visit our login page, we will set a temporary cookie to determine if your browser accepts cookies. This cookie contains no personal data and is discarded when you close your browser.

When you log in, we will also set up several cookies to save your login information and your screen display choices. Login cookies last for two days, and screen options cookies last for a year. If you select “Remember Me”, your login will persist for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the login cookies will be removed.

If you edit or publish an article, an additional cookie will be saved in your browser. This cookie includes no personal data and simply indicates the post ID of the article you just edited. It expires after 1 day.

If you visit our login page, we will set a temporary cookie to determine if your browser accepts cookies. This cookie contains no personal data and is discarded when you close your browser.

When you log in, we will also set up several cookies to save your login information and your screen display choices. Login cookies last for two days, and screen options cookies last for a year. If you select “Remember Me”, your login will persist for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the login cookies will be removed.

If you edit or publish an article, an additional cookie will be saved in your browser. This cookie includes no personal data and simply indicates the post ID of the article you just edited. It expires after 1 day.

Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website.

These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracking your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website.

All uploaded files are usually publicly accessible. Information may be disclosed by users who can upload media files. 
If you upload images to the website, you should avoid uploading images with embedded location data (EXIF GPS) included. Visitors to the website can download and extract any location data from images on the website.

When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection.

An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available herebullet. After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment.

This site utilizes caching in order to facilitate a faster response time and better user experience.

Caching potentially stores a duplicate copy of every web page that is on display on this site. All cache files are temporary, and are never accessed by any third party, except as necessary to obtain technical support from the cache plugin vendor.

Cache files expire on a schedule set by the site administrator, but may easily be purged by the admin before their natural expiration, if necessary. We may use and Cloudflare services to process & cache your data temporarily. Please see and for more details.